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August 2017

Investment insights

A (little bit) of cash is king

For the first time in a few years, there has been time to think this summer in London. Markets have been almost unnaturally calm, shrugging off domestic political and geo-political uncertainty. It’s provided the opportunity to assess where markets have been and where they might be heading.
 
We’ve all had the chance to look at our portfolios and think about how we’re positioned for a range of possible scenarios.
 
It’s been a while since we’ve had that luxury. Two years ago, markets were volatile after the Chinese unexpectedly devalued the renminbi without warning or much explanation. That triggered turmoil in a range of markets as investors worried about the sustainability of Chinese growth and the knock-on impact of a slowdown on commodity markets.
 
Then, last year, we were all focused on the aftermath of the EU referendum. Markets plunged initially and bounced almost as fast. The uncertainty created by Brexit kept investors on edge.
 
So what have we done with our breathing space? Well if you are anything like me you have probably done what investors usually do when they have too much time on their hands - you’ve worried.
 
A nice problem to have
After eight years of rising prices, this is a nice problem to have. It’s far better to be worrying about preserving your gains than fretting about whether to crystallise your losses.
 
The post-financial crisis bear market bottomed out a long time ago, in March 2009; it is only natural that investors should be asking how much longer the bull can keep running.
 
I think there are three main reasons to be concerned.
 
First of these is the length of the bull market. The current period of rising prices now ranks second in terms of duration, still shorter than the great bull market of 1990-2000 but longer than those from 1982-1987, from 2002-2007 and, for those with really long investing memories, from 1962-1968 and from 1974-1980.
 
The fact that a bull market has been running for a long time is, of course, not a reason to expect it to end but, as each month goes on, it is inevitable that we will fret more about its sustainability.
 
The second principal reason to worry that a correction may be looming is the market’s valuation. In an environment of low growth and historically low interest rates, investors have been increasingly willing to pay up for the growth which companies have been able to provide.
 
Prices have risen ever higher, heaping pressure on companies to deliver better results to justify higher ratings. As the chart here shows, the ratio of share prices to profits is higher today than throughout most of the past hundred and more years.
 
Only ahead of significant market declines has the stock market been more expensive.
 
Ratio of share prices to ten-year average earnings

 

Source: Yale University 

The third reason to worry is the increasing narrowness of the market leadership. A small handful of technology stocks is responsible for a high proportion of the market’s gains in recent months. Strip out the performance of the so-called FANGs - companies like Apple, Google-owner Alphabet and Facebook - and the overall performance of the market is less impressive.
 
Reasons to be cheerful
One of the biggest challenges of reflection, however, is the ease with which these concerns can be offset by good reasons to stick with your investments. I think there are four important ones.
 
First, on the valuation question, while high valuations are a necessary condition for a market correction they are not a sufficient one.
 
There is a plausible argument that things really are different this time. Bond yields are low and likely to remain so. In such an environment a case can be made for higher than normal equity valuations. Prices can stay higher for longer just as interest rates can stay lower for longer.
 
Second, although profit margins have risen to historically high levels, it is possible that they might stay at these elevated levels for some time. There is no real upward pressure on wages, the cost of borrowing is low and likely to stay so and changes in the ability of companies to grow with little capital investment has tilted the balance of power significantly from workers to shareholders.
 
Third, bull markets rarely come to an end in the absence of recession and this looks unlikely for the foreseeable future. Even when organisations like the International Monetary Fund have reduced their growth expectations this year they have continued to forecast positive growth in almost every country around the world.
 
In some emerging markets, such as India and China, the growth in economic activity continues at levels that would double the size of the economy in a dozen years or so.
 
Finally, there is the question of sentiment. Bull markets tend to grind higher as long as there is an absence of investor enthusiasm. Even after eight years of rising prices, investors remain nervous. The very fact that we are weighing up the positives and negatives as I have done here is a reason to remain invested.
 
The time to worry is when no-one is worried.
 
Keeping some powder dry
So these are the competing market views that I’ve been mulling during the last few quiet weeks. What conclusion have I come to?
 
Well, I’ve decided that I’m comfortable remaining largely invested in a very well-diversified portfolio, by assets and by geography. However, I’ve also decided at the margin to slightly raise the proportion of my investments and super held in cash. I’ve done this for three reasons.
 
First, because like many investors I have enjoyed a good run in recent years and I believe in Warren Buffett’s famous adage about managing a portfolio. Rule number one: don’t lose money. Rule number two: never forget rule number one.
 
Second, because if there is a market correction in the offing I want to be able to capitalise on what could be a temporary fall in prices to attractive levels. There is no point judging that the market has over-reacted if I have no ammunition to take advantage.
 
Third, because my ability to ride out the ups and downs of the market and my tolerance for loss is naturally declining as the years roll by. At the age of 34 I would happily accept the ups and downs of the market. At 54, I want a slightly smoother ride.
 
Listen to your gut feeling
Ultimately investing is an art not a science; it demands logic and rationality but it is essentially an emotional activity. You have to do what feels right for you.
 
I have accepted a trade-off. If the market continues to rise I will make a little less than I would have otherwise done. If it falls from here, my pain will be a bit less and I will have the wherewithal to repair the damage by re-investing at a lower level.
 
Most importantly, I’m happy with the decision I’ve made - whatever the outcome. It’s been time well spent this summer.
 
 

This document is issued by FIL Responsible Entity (Australia) Limited ABN 33 148 059 009, AFSL No. 409340 (“Fidelity Australia”).  Fidelity Australia is a member of the FIL Limited group of companies commonly known as Fidelity International.

Investments in overseas markets can be affected by currency exchange and this may affect the value of your investment. Investments in small and emerging markets can be more volatile than investments in developed markets.

This document is intended for use by advisers and wholesale investors. Retail investors should not rely on any information in this document without first seeking advice from their financial adviser.  You should consider these matters before acting on the information.  You should also consider the relevant Product Disclosure Statements (“PDS”) for any Fidelity Australia product mentioned in this document before making any decision about whether to acquire the product. The PDS can be obtained by contacting Fidelity Australia on 1800 119 270 or by downloading it from our website at www.fidelity.com.au. While the information contained in this document has been prepared with reasonable care, no responsibility or liability is accepted for any errors or omissions or misstatements however caused. This document is intended as general information only. The document may not be reproduced or transmitted without prior written permission of Fidelity Australia. The issuer of Fidelity’s managed investment schemes is FIL Responsible Entity (Australia) Limited ABN 33 148 059 009. Reference to ($) are in Australian dollars unless stated otherwise. 

© 2017 FIL Responsible Entity (Australia) Limited. Fidelity, Fidelity International and the Fidelity International logo and F symbol are trademarks of FIL Limited.

This website is intended to provide general information only and has been prepared without taking into account your objectives, financial situation or needs. You should consider these matters before acting on the information and consider the relevant Product Disclosure Statement for any product named on this website before making an investment decision.

© 2017 FIL Responsible Entity (Australia) Limited ABN 33 148 059 009, AFSL No. 409340.
Fidelity, Fidelity International and the Fidelity International logo and F symbol are trademarks of FIL limited.

This document is issued by FIL Responsible Entity (Australia) Limited ABN 33 148 059 009, AFSL No. 409340 ("Fidelity Australia"). Fidelity Australia is a member of the FIL Limited group of companies commonly known as Fidelity International. Prior to making an investment decision retail investors should seek advice from their financial adviser. Please remember past performance is not a guide to the future. Investors should also obtain and consider the Product Disclosure Statements ("PDS") for the fund mentioned in this document. The PDS is available on www.fidelity.com.au or can be obtained by contacting Fidelity Australia on 1800 119 270. This document has been prepared without taking into account your objectives, financial situation or needs. You should consider such matters before acting on the information contained in this document. This document may include general commentary on market activity, industry or sector trends or other broad based economic or political conditions which should not be construed as investment advice. Information stated herein about specific securities is subject to change. Any reference to specific securities should not be construed as a recommendation to buy, sell or hold these securities. While the information contained in this document has been prepared with reasonable care no responsibility or liability is accepted for any errors or omissions or misstatements however caused. The document may not be reproduced or transmitted without prior written permission of Fidelity Australia. The issuer of Fidelity funds is FIL Responsible Entity (Australia) Limited ABN 33 148 059 009. References to ($) are in Australian dollars unless stated otherwise. © 2017 FIL Responsible Entity (Australia) Limited. Fidelity, Fidelity International, and the Fidelity International logo and F symbol are trademarks of FIL Limited.