Sustainable investing case study: All at sea
By Flora Wang, Director Sustainable Investing
Terence Tsai, Shipping Analyst
The power of active engagement: Investors join forces to help bring a stop to a humanitarian crisis at sea and safeguard the long-term sustainability of global supply chains.
A crisis in the making
It was quite early in the pandemic when Fidelity shipping analyst Terence Tsai started hearing about disruptions to global maritime activity.
Restrictions on travel and trade were closing off ports and cancelling flights, causing severe delays to the ordinary rotation of cargo vessel crews between their ships and home ports. Tsai soon saw it was not just a liability for the commercial shipping sector but also a brewing humanitarian crisis for the hundreds of thousands of seafarers who are the engine of global trade.
Seafarers are vital to the global supply chain as they ensure the uninterrupted global delivery of a vast array of goods and products. Yet Covid-related restrictions on movement or port arrivals coupled with the drastic reduction of flights has meant that some seafarers have been forced to work for 15 months or more way beyond the industry nine-month standard. These long periods of isolation are raising mental and physical health issues and concerns around the safe handling of cargo.
Part of the issue comes down to how commercial seafarers have been classified through the outbreak. Countries have relied on shipping to cope with lockdowns under Covid, yet seafarers are not widely recognised by governments as so-called ‘essential workers’ or ‘key workers’ who would generally be granted exceptional rights to disembark in a port. This is a major issue that has prohibited merchant seamen from returning home. Most recently, in a September statement, United Nations agencies including the International Maritime Organisation jointly urged governments to treat seafarers as key workers to help resolve this humanitarian crisis.
A key-worker label would help ensure seafarers are exempt from travel restrictions and are able to board and disembark at different ports - removing a multitude of roadblocks, including visa restrictions and constantly changing local customs rules.
Prompted by Tsai’s concerns, Fidelity’s global team of experts in sustainable investing launched a campaign to raise awareness over the wellbeing of seafarers. 85 investors representing over US$2trillion in assets, answered the call, urging the United Nations to act.
In an open letter to the UN signatories highlighted a number of measures to be put into effect:
- Continuing to call for the official designation of seafarers as “key workers” and the establishment of systematic processes to enable safe crew changes such as safe corridors and testing regimes
- Raising awareness, through a targeted publicity campaign, of the scale and risks that this crisis is already creating for seafarers and sustainable supply chains
- Sharing the International Maritime Organisation’s (IMO) 12-step protocol with relevant entities to facilitate universal implementation
- Ensuring seafarers should not spend more than the legal maximum of 11 months on board and limiting any unavoidable crew contract extension
- Urging charterers, especially those that charter vessels on a frequent basis, to be flexible with route deviation requests from shipping companies to facilitate crew change and to consider financial support for the costs of crew repatriation.
Signatories have agreed to engage relevant portfolio companies to communicate their expectations around these measures.
Calling it out
Surprisingly, until recently there had been little discussion in the investment community about the issue of the wellbeing of seafarers, despite both the humanitarian concerns and general operational risks it posed to shipping companies.
With about 90 per cent of global trade done by sea, seafarers are the lifeline for keeping our economies open.
For an asset manager like Fidelity, lobbying to improve the conditions of seafarers makes sense from an investment perspective too. The performance of some of the companies held by our funds will ultimately be linked to the safety of cargos being handled by seafarers. Ensuring that the rights and interests of seafarers are represented helps lower the operational risks to the sectors involved and allows global trade to continue in a sustainable way.
Fidelity’s awareness campaign isn’t intended to offer prescriptive answers to this complex problem; instead it aims to help prompt stakeholders across the supply chain to work together to find the best solution. As we navigate through the Covid crisis, it becomes even more crucial to take an active role in engaging with the companies in which we invest.
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